Scoil Náisiúnta Réalt na Mara Réalt na Mara National School

Mill street, Dundalk, Co Louth, A91 TD3H
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(042) 9327230
Principal: Mr Phil McCaul

Realt Na Mara National School Front photo

Critical Incident Policy

What is a Critical Incident?

"A critical incident is any incident or sequence of events which overwhelms the normal coping mechanism of the school and disrupts the running of the school."

Examples:

  • Death, major illness/outbreak of disease (Foot & Mouth).
  • Criminal incidents (e.g. Dunblane shooting, Shooting at First Communion in Ballymun.)
  •  Major accidents, serious injury (e.g. ‘Navan bus crash’).
  • Suicide.
  • Civil unrest, war (foreign nationals may be traumatised by events that happened in their home country).
  • Fire, natural and technological disaster (e.g. school ceiling collapsing in Cork).
  • Disappearance of student from home or school (e.g. Midleton incident in Cork).
  • Unauthorised removal of student from school or home.

Critical Incidents Management Team :

Leadership Role: Mr. Phil Mc Caul (Principal)

Communication Role: Ms. Bernadette Carr

Student Liaison/ Counseling Role: Mr. Phil Mc Caul/ Mrs Adele Clune

Chaplaincy Role: Fr. Magnus

Family Liaison Role:  Mrs. Clune

Parents Association Rep: Mrs. Andrea Mulligan

B.O.M. Rep: Mrs. Sile Holland

N.E.P.S:  Miss Yvonne Kennedy

The first-named person has the responsibility as defined.
The second-named person assists and only assumes responsibility on the absence of the first-named.

Roles and Responsibilities

Leadership Role:

Intervention

  • Confirm the event.
  • Activate the Critical Incident response team.
  • Express sympathy to family.
  • Clarify facts surrounding event.
  • Make contact with other relevant agencies.
  • Decide how news will be communicated to different groups (staff, pupils, outside school).

Postvention

  • Ensure provision of ongoing support to staff and students.
  • Facilitate any appropriate memorial events.
  • Review Plan.

Communication Role:

Intervention

  • With Team, prepare a public statement.
  • Organise a designated room to address media promptly.
  • Ensure telephone lines are free for outgoing and important incoming calls.
  • Liaise with relevant outside support agencies.

Postvention

  • Review and evaluate effectiveness of communication response.

Student Liaison/ Counseling Role:

Intervention

  • Outline specific services available in school.
  • Put in place clear referral procedures.
  • Address immediate needs of staff.
  • Provide information.
  • Provide counseling.

Postvention

  • Provide ongoing support to vulnerable students.
  • Monitor class most affected.
  • Refer on, as appropriate.
  • Review and evaluate Plan.

Chaplaincy Role :

Intervention

  • Visit home(s), if appropriate.
  • Assist with prayer services.
  • Make contact with other local clergy.
  • Be available as personal and spiritual support to staff.

 

Postvention

  • Provide follow-up support to families in conjunction with Home School Community Liaison.
  • Work in partnership with Religious Education team.
  • Review and Evaluate Plan.

 Family Liaison Role:

Intervention

  • Coordinate contact with families (following first contact by Principal).
  • Consult with family around involvement of school in e.g. funeral service.
  • Assist with all communication dealing with parents of any student affected by critical incident.

Postvention

  • Provide ongoing support to families affected by the incident.
  • Involve as appropriate family in-school liturgies/memorial services.
  • Offer to link family with community support groups.
  • Review and evaluate plan.

Action plan

SHORT-TERM ACTIONS (Day 1)

  • Immediate contact with family/families.
  • Consult with the family regarding appropriate support from the school, e.g. funeral service.
  • Ensure that a quiet place can be made for students/staff.
  • Rooms will made be made available as follows:
    • Room   23
    • Individual Meetings: Room 8
    • Parents: Hall

SHORT TERM ACTIONS - DAY 1 

TASKNAME (Key and Support)
Gather Accurate Information.Relevant Staff and Witnesses (Accidents)
Contact Appropriate Agencies.Mr. Mc Caul & Ms. Carr
Convene a Staff Meeting.Mr. Mc Caul
Arrange Supervision of Students.Mrs. Clune
Hold Staff Meeting.All Staff
Organise Timetable for the Day.Ms. Carr
Inform Parents.Mr. Mc Caul
Inform Students.Mr. Mc Caul
Make contact with bereaved family.Mr. Mc Caul/Fr. O’Hagan
Dealing with the Media.Mr. McCaul/Mrs Clune

 

Media Briefing: (if appropriate)

  • Designate a spokesperson. (Leader)
  • Prepare a brief statement. (Team)
  • Protect the family’s privacy.
  • Gather accurate information.
  • It is important to obtain accurate information about the incident.
    1. What happened, where and when?
    2. What is the extent of the injuries?
    3. How many are involved and what are their names?
    4. Is there a risk of further injury?
    5. What agencies have been contacted already?
  • Contact appropriate agencies.
    1. Emergency services.
    2. Medical services.
    3. H.S.E. Psychology Departments/Community Care Services.
    4. N.E.P.S.
    5. B.O.M.
    6. D.E.S./Schools Inspector.
  • Convene a meeting with Key Staff/Critical Management Team (8.30a.m.)
    1. Organize a staff meeting, if appropriate. (9.00 a.m.)
    2. Organize timetable/routine for the day. (Adhering to the normal school routine is important, if this is possible).
    3. Class teachers to take note of any absentees who might need to be contacted, list of friends etc, or any other relevant information and give to the Student Liaison person.
    4. Arrange supervision of students 
  • Liaise with the family regarding funeral arrangements/memorial service.
    1. The Chaplain/ Principal will liaise with the family, to extend sympathy and clarify the family’s wishes regarding the school’s involvement in funeral/memorial service.
    2. Arrange a home visit by two staff representatives within 24 hours, if appropriate. (Student Liaison person + Class teacher)
    3. Have regard for different religious traditions and faiths.

MEDIUM-TERM ACTIONS (24-72 HOURS)

  • Preparation of students/staff attending funeral.
  • Involvement of students/staff in liturgy if agreed by bereaved family.
  • Facilitation of students’/staffs’ responses, e.g. Sympathy cards, flowers, book of condolences, etc.
  • Ritual within the school.
  • Review the events of the first 24 hours.
    1. Reconvene Key Staff/Critical Incident Management Team (8.30 a.m.)
    2. Decide arrangements for support meetings for parents/students/staff.
    3. Decide on mechanism for feedback from teachers on vulnerable students.
    4. Have review of Critical Incident Management Team meeting. (3.00 p.m.)
    5. Establish contact with absent staff and pupils.
  • Arrange support for individual students, groups of students, and parents, if necessary.
    1.   Hold support/information meeting for parents/students, if necessary, in order to clarify what has happened.
    2.   Give any teacher who feels uncomfortable with involvement in support meetings the choice of opting out.
    3.   Arrange, in consultation, with outside agencies, individual or group debriefings or support meetings with parental permission.  Permission slips to be included with enrolment forms.
  • Plan for the re-integration of students and staff e.g. absentees, injured, siblings, close relative etc).
    1. Student Liaison person to liaise with above on their return to school.
    2. Plan visits to injured.
    3. Family Liaison person + Class Teacher + Principal to visit home/hospital.
    4. Attendance and participation at funeral/memorial service (To be decided).
    5. Decide this in accordance with parents’ wishes and school  management decisions and in consultation with close school friends.
    6.  School closure (if appropriate).
    7.  Request a decision on this from school management.

MEDIUM TERM ACTIONS  - 24 – 72 HRS

TASKNAME/GROUP
Review the events of the first 24 hours.Staff
Arrange support for individual/groups of students/parents.Mr. Phil Mc Caul Mrs Adele Clune
Plan the re-integration of staff and students.
Plan visits to the injured.
Liaise with family re funeral. Arrange memorial service.Mrs. Clune/Fr. O’Hagan
Attendance/Participation at funeral service etc.Staff/Fr. O’Hagan
School Closure.B.O.M.

LONGER TERM ACTIONS

  • Monitor students for signs of continuing distress.
  • If, over a prolonged period of time, a student continues to display the following, he/she may need assistance from the Health Board.
    1. Uncharacteristic behaviour.
    2. Deterioration in academic performance.
    3. Physical symptoms - e.g. weight loss/gain, lack of attention to appearance, tiredness, restlessness.
    4. Inappropriate emotional reactions.
    5. Increased absenteeism.
  • Evaluate response to incident and amend Critical Incident Management Plan appropriately.
    1. What went well?
    2. Where were the gaps?
    3. What was most/least helpful?
    4. Have all necessary onward referrals to support services been made?
    5. Is there any unfinished business?
  • Formalise the Critical Incident Plan for the future
    1. Consult with N.E.P.S. Psychologist.
  • Inform new staff/new school pupils affected by Critical Incidents where appropriate.
    1. Ensure that new staff is aware of the school policy and procedures in this area.
    2. Ensure they are aware of which pupils were affected in any recent incident and in what way.
    3. When individual pupils or a class of pupils affected by an incident are transferring to a new school, the Principal should brief the Principal of the new school.
  • Decide on appropriate ways to deal with anniversaries (Be sensitive to special days and events)
    1. Anniversaries may trigger emotional responses in students/staff and they may need additional support at this time.
    2. Acknowledge the anniversary with the family.
    3. Be sensitive to significant days like Birthdays, Christmas, Mother’s Day, and Father’s Day.
  • Plan a school memorial service.
  • Care of deceased person’s possessions. What are the parent’s wishes?
  • Update and amend school records.

LONG TERM ACTIONS

TASKNAME/GROUP
Monitor Students for signs of continuing stress.Staff
Evaluate response to incident and amend C.I. Plan appropriately.Staff
Formalise C.I. Plan for the future.Ms. Carr
Inform new staff/pupils.  Mr. Mc Caul /Class teacher
Decide on appropriate ways to deal with anniversaries.Staff
Plan school memorial service.Staff/Fr. O’Hagan
Care of deceased person’s possessions.Class teacher/ Mrs. Adele Clune
Update and amend school records.Mrs. Clune